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Written By

Douglas Broom
Senior Writer, Forum Agenda

This article is part of: Sustainable Development Impact Meetings

This article was first published on 16 May 2023 and was updated on 21 September 2023.

  • Progress on the global energy transition has seen only “marginal growth” in the past three years, according to a World Economic Forum report.
  • Fast and effective renewable energy innovation is critical to meeting climate goals.
  • Here are five solutions that could help countries meet emissions targets.

The need for renewable energy innovation has never been greater.

In its 2023 report, Fostering Effective Energy Transition, the World Economic Forum says that 95% of countries have improved their total Energy Transition Index score over the past decade, but there has been only “marginal growth” in the past three years.

Greenhouse gas emissions need to be almost halved by 2030 if warming is to be limited to 1.5°C, warns the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its Sixth Assessment Report.

So, it’s encouraging that innovators continue to pioneer fresh approaches that are making the goal of switching the world to renewable energy more achievable. Here are five such energy innovations.

Solar and wind power working together
View of turbine-solar panel units.

These turbine-solar panel units can be used on rooftops. Image: Unéole

It’s tempting to think that renewable energy installations need to be either solar or wind powered. But French start-up Unéole has come up with a small-scale, easy to install solution that uses sun and wind power in a single unit.

Designed to be used on the flat roofs of offices and apartment buildings, the platform uses multiple wind turbines under a photovoltaic roof to create a silent solution that produces 40% more energy than a pure solar system and can generate power round the clock.

These turbines never turn
View of Aeromine stand alone unit.

Aeromine says its turbine can meet 100% of a building’s energy needs. Image: Aeromine

Wind power doesn’t have to mean huge turbines. A US start-up has invented a system that uses three-metre tall wind generators with no external moving parts. Sitting on the edge of roofs, Aeromine uses the natural airflow up the front of the building to generate power.

The system’s aerodynamic fins guide fast-rising air past an internal turbine, which the company claims produces 50% more power than other sustainable options. Combined with rooftop solar and battery storage, it can meet 100% of a building’s needs, the company says.

Solar canals
View of solar canals.

Solar canals could save water and generate power. Image: Solar AquaGrid

California is prone to droughts. The first 22 years of this century were the state’s driest period since the year 800, prompting fears of a megadrought. The problem has been made more acute because the state’s water distribution system uses open canals.

Start-up SolarAquaGrid is trialling a scheme to roof over the canals with solar panels generating power and cutting evaporation. If all 6,400 km of the state’s canals were fitted, it’s forecast to save 283 billion litres of water a year and generate power for 9.4 million homes.

Solar power windows
View of solar power windows.

These solar panel windows can generate up to 30% of a building’s power needs. Image: Ubiquitous Technology

The windows in the image above are also solar panels. This transparent renewable energy source has been developed by California-based Ubiquitous Technology which says it could revolutionize solar power.

The glass is treated to allow visible light, what we see, to pass through it while absorbing and converting invisible ultraviolet and infrared light into electricity. The company says the solar windows can generate up to 30% of a building’s power needs.

View of solar panels on roof with sun shining

Hydropanels can turn water vapour into drinking water. Image: Source

Making water from air

With water scarcity likely to be an issue for two-thirds of the world’s population by 2025, finding alternative sources is vital. US start-up Source is providing one option. It has created off-grid “hydropanels” that can turn air into water.

Fans inside the panels pull water vapour out of the air, which in turn is turned into liquid water that can be mineralized ready for use as drinking water.

One hydropanel could eliminate the need for 54,000 single-use plastic water bottles over its 15-year lifespan, the company says.

So far, Source has installed panels in 50 countries and has projects under way to provide water in hard-to-reach areas.

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