NORTH KOREANS watch a television news broadcast at a railway station showing file footage of the missile test.—AFP
SEOUL: North Korea fired what appeared to be a ballistic missile into the sea on Wednesday, South Korea and Japan said, in the first such launch by Pyongyang this year.
In the decade since Kim Jong Un took power North Korea has made rapid progress in its military technology, at the risk of international sanctions.
The nuclear-armed nation’s first apparent weapons launch of 2022 follows a year of major arms tests despite severe economic hardship during the coronavirus pandemic.
The South Korean military said the North fired what is “presumed to be a ballistic missile” towards the sea east of the peninsula at around 8:10am from Jagang province, which borders China.
After an emergency meeting, South Korea’s national security council “expressed concerns over the launch”, according to a statement by the president’s office.
Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida described it as a “possible ballistic missile launch”.
“It is truly regrettable that North Korea has continuously launched missiles since last year,” he told reporters.
“There have been no reports of damage to Japanese aircraft and vessels so far,” Japan’s top government spokesman Hirokazu Matsuno told reporters.
“We are continuing analysis, but if it took a normal orbit, it is expected to have travelled about 500 kilometres and fallen outside Japan’s exclusive economic zone.” The United States condemned the launch, urging Pyongyang to sit down for talks. “This launch is in violation of multiple UN Security Council resolutions and poses a threat to the DPRK’s neighbours and the international community,” a State Department spokesperson said, referring to the North by its official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The launch followed a speech by Kim last week in which he said North Korea would continue to build up its military capabilities.
“I expect North Korea to continue refining its arsenal as a way to improve its strategic position at a time of political change in the region,” Jean Lee, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Woodrow Wilson International Center, told AFP.
In 2021, North Korea said it successfully tested a new type of submarine-launched ballistic missile, a long-range cruise missile, a train-launched weapon, and what it described as a hypersonic warhead.
Dialogue between Washington and Pyongyang remains stalled, following the collapse of talks between Kim and then president Donald Trump in 2019.
Under Trump’s successor Joe Biden, the United States has repeatedly declared its willingness to meet North Korean representatives, while saying it will seek denuclearisation. But Pyongyang has so far dismissed the offer, accusing Washington of pursuing “hostile” policies.
At the end of a key meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party last week, Kim did not mention the United States at all.
Instead of the policy positions on diplomacy for which Kim’s New Year statements have been closely watched in recent years, he focused on food security and development in an extensive speech.
But he said Pyongyang would continue to boost its capabilities, keeping in mind “the military environment of the Korean peninsula” and the changing international situation.
“Pyongyang is sending the message to the US that it will not change and therefore Washington must give in,” Shin Beom-chul, a researcher at the Korea Research Institute for National Strategy, said.
North Korea is under multiple sets of international sanctions over its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.
Published in Dawn, January 6th, 2022