Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan situated within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory. It is the tenth largest city of Pakistan, whereas the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is the third largest in Pakistan. The city is the political seat of Pakistan and is administered by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation, supported by the Capital Development Authority (CDA).
Islamabad was designed during the Nineteen Sixties to replace Karachi as Pakistan’s capital. The city’s master-plan divides the city into eight zones, including administrative, diplomatic enclave, residential areas, academic sectors, industrial sectors, commercial areas, and rural and green areas. The city is known for the presence of many parks and forests, as well as the Margalla Hills park and Shakarparian Park. The city is home to many landmarks, including the Faisal masjid, the largest masjid in South Asia and the fourth largest within the world. Other landmarks include the Pakistan’s monument and Democracy square.
The city has the highest cost of living in Pakistan, and its population is dominated by middle and higher class citizens. The city is home to sixteen universities, as well as the Quaid-e-Azam University, COMSATS Institute of information Technology and NUST.
The modern capital and the ancient Gakhar city of Rawalpindi stand side by side and are usually referred to as the Twin Cities, where no precise boundary exists between the 2 cities.
To the northeast of the city lies hill station of Murree, and to the north lies the Haripur District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Kahuta lies on the southeast, Taxila, Wah Cantt, and Attock District to the northwest, Gujar Khan, Rawat, and Mandrah on the southeast, and the metropolis of Rawalpindi to the south and southwest.
The climate contains a humid subtropic climate, with 5 seasons: Winter (November–February), Spring (March and April), Summer (May and June), Rainy Monsoon (July and August) and autumn (September and October). The hottest month is June, the wettest month is July, with significant rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the likelihood of cloudburst and flooding. The coolest month is Jan. Islamabad’s micro-climate is regulated by 3 artificial reservoirs: Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam.
Islamabad is home to several migrants from other regions of Pakistan and has a cultural and religious diversity of considerable antiquity.
Islamabad includes a multi-purpose Sports complex opposite Aabpara. The complex includes Liaquat Gymnasium for indoor games, Mushaf Squash complex and Jinnah stadium for outdoor games, that is a venue for regular national and international events.
The largest hospital is Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) hospital. PIMS functions as a National Reference Center and provides specialised diagnostic and curative services. The hospital has thirty major medical departments.
The mother tongue of the majority of the population is Punjabi.
PLACES OF INTEREST
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Daman-e-Koh is a viewing point and hill top garden north of Islamabad and located in the middle of the Margalla Hills. It is about 2400ft from sea level and almost 500ft from the city of Islamabad. It is a popular destination for the residents as well as the visitors to the capital.
Daman-e-Koh is a midpoint for tourists on their way to the higher view point Pir Sohawa which is located at the top of Margalla Hills at an elevation of about 3600ft. There is a plan to construct a chairlift from Daman-e-Koh to Pir Sohawa. Monkeys are a common sight during winter. Cheetahs are frequently reported to descend from higher hills of Murree during snowfall.
The Southern spot is the main attraction as it provides a panoramic view of Islamabad. The visitors experience a unique view of Faisal Mosque, the newly constructed Seventh Avenue (Islamabad) and Rawal Lake.
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Islamabad Zoo is excellent place for every age of people. Zoo was established in 1978 which is consisted on 82 acre and under the supervision of Capital Development Authority Islamabad. Especially children love to visit Islamabad Zoo because there are 600 different kinds of animals are being kept in Islamabad Zoo. The main purpose of establishing the Islamabad Zoo was to provide the visiting place to children. The Islamabad Zoo is being kept clean and washed. Thousands of people visit the Islamabad Zoo ever year.[/toggle]
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Mazar-e-Quaid, also known as the Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Quaid-e-Azam (“Great Leader”) Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Designed in a 1960s modernist style, the mausoleum also contains the tomb of his sister, Mader-e Millat (“Mother of the Nation”) Fatima Jinnah, and that of Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar and Noorul Ameen are also buried in the courtyards.
The place is also famous for the visitors for its vast garden and it is one of the main tourist attractions for the people visiting Karachi
The tomb is centrally located in Karachi with easy road links and access to the location which urge a number of people to spend their evenings at Mazar-e-Quaid. The gardens on all the sides of the mausoleum are lush green which can be an exciting place to enjoy all day. The garden area has numerous benches on the side where you can sit and enjoy the spectacular green landscape and the amazing white marble architecture of the tomb.[/toggle]
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Lake View Park (also known as Rawal Lake View Point or Rawal Lake Promenade) is a recreational area and wildlife park located near Village Malpur Rawal Lake, on Murree Road in Islamabad, Capital Territory, Pakistan.
While traveling from Islamabad to Murree a road turns right just before Barakahu and leads to this beautiful park. The newly constructed park has become a favorite picnic spot for people of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. It is constructed alongside Rawal Lake, which is an artificial reservoir that fulfills water needs for cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
The park is an amusement place of international standards. CDA has provided lovely installations of amusement park like passenger train and busses, games and fun rides for children and elders. The park also provides facilities of adventure sports. Wall (rock) climbing, paintball, quad motocross, car dodging, scooter boats and speed boats are some of adventure sports to do in Lake View Park. Motorized and simple boats are available for families and individuals. There is a small passenger train in the park. There is zoo for rare species of birds in the park.
CDA has hundreds of workers working in the park including gardeners, security guards, sanitary workers and other management staff.[/toggle]
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Margalla Hills National Park is one of the great places in Islamabad which is covered by beautiful mountains. The mountains around the National Park are called Margalla Hills. The atmosphere of National Park remains pleasant & cool every time. This place especially formed by administration for creating attractions for tourists. There is excellent greenish forest in National Park Islamabad which gives great view to eyes. In the season of spring different kind of flowers and beautiful plants can been seen here therefore it is the reason any tourist came to Islamabad never gone without visiting the beautiful place in Islamabad.[/toggle]
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Pir Sohawa is a rapidly developing tourist resort located 17 kilometers from Islamabad on top of Margalla Hills. Many people think its part of Islamabad but geographically it is located in Haripur District, KPK. The scenic place is praised for trips and holiday picnics in Islamabad and is sighted near Monal Village, which exist on the incline against Islamabad city. The place is linked to Islamabad by a winding road on which Daman-e-Koh (a viewing point and hill top garden) is located and it takes 35 minutes drive to reach it from the city.
The sight is an ideal place for enjoying picnics in forest while listening to singing birds and watching wildlife. After rains of monsoon forest in the hills of Pir Sohawa turns green. The sight is end point for hiking trips from the foot of Margla Hills, rising 3000 feet (914 meters) almost vertically upward from the Saidpur Village, Islamabad.[/toggle]
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Saidpur, a little quaint village, famous for its pottery, is part of Islamabad today. It is located off the Hill Road to the east of Daman-e-Koh. Saidpur was founded by Sultan Said Khan son of Sultan Sarang Khan. He gave his daughter in marriage to Mughal Prince Saleem who later became Emperor Jehangir. Saidpur was considered a garden resort and a perpetual spring provided water for drinking and for watering gardens around during the Mughal period.[/toggle]
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Shah Faisal Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world and biggest in the subcontinent of Asia. It is the religious place for Muslims. It gives beautiful view from Margalla Hills. This Mosque was named with the Saudi Prince Shah Faisal Abdul Aziz. The construction of Shah Faisal Mosque was started in 1976 and about 10 year completion period Shah Faisal Mosque was ready to perform religious obligations for Muslim. The project of Shah Faisal Mosque was completed with the financial help of Saudi Arabia. The capacity of Shah Faisal Mosque is more than 80 thousands. This mosque was designed by Vedat Dalokay who was a Turkish Architecture. The estimated cost of construction of Shah Faisal Mosque is US $ 120 million. It has four 90 meter high pillars which make it even so beautiful. It is the great architect place of today’s era. It is recommended that whenever you have chance to travel Islamabad you must visit Shah Faisal Mosque.[/toggle]
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Shakar Parian is also the excellent place in Islamabad that attracts numbers of tourists due it natural beauty. The location of Shakar Parian is near to zero point. On the hills of Shakar Parian the beautiful lake known as Rawal Lake can be seen. The beautiful view of Rawal Lake gives great look to eyes. The water of Rawal Lake is clean as crystal. Shakar Parian is the ideal place to be visited in Islamabad.[/toggle]
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