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Cement industry making healthy growth

The experts record that Pakistan’s cement industry has recorded a healthy growth during the first nine months of fiscal year July-March FY2020. Cement sector performance has backed through the increased exports mostly clinker which went up by 100 percent during the period. Domestic demand for cement has picked up the pace as Government of Pakistan increased the development expenditures and enhanced remittances inflow may also have uplifted private construction activities.

Moreover, statistics show that the cement industry in the country kicked off the FY20-21 on an exciting note. During the first six months of the current fiscal year, total cement dispatches increased by 15.7 percent, from 24.751 MT in July-December 2019, to 28.628 MT in July-December 2020. Local dispatches have increased by 15.9 percent in July-December 2020 to 23.61 MT from 20.373 MT in July-December 2019. Exports also grew from 4.377 MT in July-December 2019 to 5.017 MT in July-December 2020, showing a growth of 14.6 percent. They also predict local dispatches and exports to increase by 16 and 38 percent YoY, whereas total industry utilisation is predicted to reach 85 percent in FY20-21. On the pricing front, cement prices are forecast to average at Rs 558 (US$3.47) and Rs 617/bag in the north and south, respectively in FY20-21.

No doubt, the cement is considered to be the major element in the construction industry, worldwide. With its directly proportional linkage with the country’s economy, cement plays a vital role in upgrading the GDP of Pakistan. The key drivers for cement demand/consumption growth are infrastructure projects (CPEC) & real estate sector. Approximately 45 percent of total cement produced is consumed in real estate sector. It is also said that the growth in domestic cement demand has been complemented by surging exports for the second consecutive months as cement export increased by a whopping 85 percent in March 2018. The Government of Pakistan proclaimed that the fixed tax regime for the construction sector that was introduced earlier this year 2021 had been extended to 31 December 2021. All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association (APCMA) mentioned that the rising trend of coal, electricity and diesel prices is affecting the cement sector. During the last six months coal prices have grown by almost US$35/t. Furthermore, duty and taxes on cement sector are also very high. Cement is subject to federal excise duty at Rs 1500/t and Rs 75/bag, and general sales tax at 17 percent (Rs 77/bag). Total direct taxes on cement per bag are Rs 152/bag. The Government of Pakistan should give tax concessions on the cement sector which will reduce the cost of production, giving a boost to construction activities and employment in the sector.

Global Cement Market

Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for cement estimated at 5 billion tons in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of 5.8 billion tons by 2027, increasing at a CAGR of 2.2 percent over the analysis period 2020-2027. The US market is estimated at 1.4 billion tons, While China is forecast to increase at 4.2 percent CAGR. The cement market in the US is predicted at 1.4 billion tons in the year 2020. China, the world`s second largest economy, is forecast to reach a projected market size of 1.1 billion tons by the year 2027 trailing a CAGR of 4.2 percent over the analysis period 2020 to 2027. Among the other noteworthy geographic markets are Japan and Canada, each forecast to rise at 0.4 percent and 1.6 percent respectively over the 2020-2027 period. Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 0.9 percent CAGR. In the worldwide other types segment, US, Canada, Japan, China and Europe will drive the 1.8 percent CAGR estimated for this segment. These regional markets accounting for a combined market size of 751 million tons in the year 2020 will reach a projected size of 851.2 million tons by the close of the analysis period. China will remain among the fastest growing in this cluster of regional markets. Led by countries such as Australia, India, and South Korea, the market in Asia-Pacific is forecast to reach 782.8 million tons by the year 2027, while Latin America will expand at a 2.9 percent CAGR through the analysis period.

Pakistan: Export Of Cement & Clinker
Cement Clinker Export Breakup
Financial Afghanistan India Other Countries Other Countries Total %age North South
Years Via Land Via Sea & Land Via Sea Via Sea Exports Incr/(Decr) Zone Zone
Quantity in Metric Tons Quantity in Metric Tons
2011-2012 4,715,109 605,453 3,247,268 8,567,830 -9.12 6,266,327 2,301,503
2012-2013 4,404,633 482,214 3,487,255 8,374,103 -2.26 6,105,815 2,268,288
2013-2014 3,655,201 677,305 3,804,021 8,136,528 -2.84 5,418,214 2,718,314
2014-2015 2,872,951 696,337 3,625,781 7,195,069 -11.57 4,467,534 2,727,535
2015-2016 2,439,140 992,631 2,440,833 5,872,604 -18.38 3,851,615 2,020,989
2016-2017 1,716,517 1,253,208 1,693,844 4,663,569 -20.59 3,149,835 1,513,734
2017-2018 1,820,348 1,212,771 1,712,908 4,746,027 1.77 3,080,437 1,665,590
2018-2019 1,725,150 715,835 1,952,082 2,147,538 6,540,604 37.81 2,528,276 4,012,328
1,891,558 1,757,720 4,197,819 7,847,097 19.98 1,970,388 5,876,709

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