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Nurturing sustainable economy: a complex endeavour

Nurturing sustainable economy: a complex endeavour

Steering the sustainable economic growth in Pakistan is a very intricate, multi-layered and complicated task. The collective, intensive and concentrated efforts are required from all the stakeholders to address the political instability, energy shortages, security concerns and many other challenges. Sustainable economic growth is not a quick fix. By investing in education, healthcare, infrastructure, and environmental conservation, Pakistan can unlock its full potential and create a better future for its citizens.

Pakistan, a nation of over 241 million people, possesses a rich tapestry of culture, history, and natural resources. It’s a land of diverse landscapes, from towering mountains in the north to fertile plains in the south. However, despite its potential, Pakistan has faced numerous economic challenges throughout its history.

Sustainable economic growth is a multifaceted concept that goes beyond mere GDP growth. It encompasses a balanced and inclusive development that takes into account economic, social, and environmental factors. True sustainability is about improving the quality of life for all citizens while safeguarding natural resources and minimizing environmental harm.


To address these challenges and promote sustainable economic growth, Pakistan needs a comprehensive and coordinated approach. This includes improving governance and the rule of law, investing in infrastructure and education, promoting entrepreneurship and innovation, attracting foreign investment, and addressing security and energy issues. Additionally, policies that prioritize inclusivity and equitable distribution of benefits can help reduce poverty and inequality while fostering long-term economic stability.


  1. Political Stability and Good Governance:

Strengthening political institutions and promoting good governance is fundamental to achieving sustainable economic growth. This includes ensuring the rule of law, protecting property rights, and minimizing corruption. Transparent and stable governance provides a conducive environment for investment and economic development.

  1. Investment in Education and Healthcare:

Investing in human capital is crucial for sustainable growth. Pakistan should allocate more resources to improve the quality of education and healthcare services. A well-educated and healthy population is more productive and can contribute significantly to economic growth.

  1. Energy Sector Reforms:

Addressing the energy crisis is imperative for economic growth. Pakistan must diversify its energy sources, invest in renewable energy, and implement energy-efficient technologies. Reforms in the energy sector will reduce production costs for industries and improve the quality of life for citizens.

  1. Infrastructure Development:

Improving infrastructure, including transportation networks and urban planning, is essential for economic growth. Upgrading roads, ports, and logistics systems can enhance trade and reduce transportation costs. Efficient urban planning can alleviate congestion and improve the quality of life in cities.

  1. Economic Diversification:

Reducing dependence on agriculture is essential for sustainable growth. Pakistan should promote industrialization, technology-based industries, and services sectors such as IT and tourism. Diversifying the economy can create job opportunities and reduce vulnerability to agricultural shocks.

  1. Environmental Conservation:

To achieve sustainability, Pakistan must prioritize environmental conservation. Implementing and enforcing environmental regulations, reforestation efforts, and reducing carbon emissions are crucial steps. Sustainable agriculture practices can also protect natural resources.

  1. Population Control Measures:

To manage population growth, Pakistan should implement effective family planning programs, educate communities about family planning, and provide access to contraceptives. A controlled population growth rate will reduce the strain on resources and public services.

  1. Regional Stability and Peace:

Promoting regional stability and resolving conflicts is essential for Pakistan’s economic growth. Collaboration with neighboring countries on trade agreements and infrastructure development can open up new markets and opportunities for economic cooperation.

  1. Foreign Investment and Trade:

Pakistan should actively attract foreign investment by improving its investment climate, reducing bureaucratic hurdles, and offering incentives to foreign investors. Expanding trade relationships and diversifying export markets can boost economic growth.

  1. Social Safety Nets:

Establishing effective social safety nets can protect vulnerable populations from economic shocks and reduce income inequality. Programs such as conditional cash transfers and unemployment benefits can provide a safety net for citizens.

Attracting foreign investment

Attracting foreign investment is essential for economic growth and development in Pakistan. To encourage foreign investors to consider Pakistan as a viable investment destination, the government and relevant authorities should take the following three steps:

1- Improve the Investment Climate:

2- Infrastructure Development:

3- Promote Sector-Specific Investment Opportunities:

By implementing these steps, Pakistan can create a more welcoming environment for foreign investors, stimulate economic growth, and benefit from the inflow of foreign capital, technology, and expertise. Additionally, maintaining political stability and promoting regional peace and security will further enhance the country’s attractiveness to foreign investors.

The Enormous Power of our Youth

In Pakistan we have 19.3% is between the ages of 5 and 12; 11.0% is between the ages of 13 and 17; 13.8% is between the ages of 18 and 24 and 15.4% is between the ages of 25 and 34.

There are now over 17 million youth in Pakistan who are either ‘idle’ or unemployed and almost 7 million of these youth are males. They all represent a veritable lack of utilization of the human capital in the country.

Leveraging Pakistan’s youth power for economic development, particularly in entrepreneurship, startups, digital marketing, and e-commerce, requires a multifaceted approach that involves education, training, mentorship, and policy support. Here are several strategies to harness the potential of Pakistan’s youth:

1- Promote Entrepreneurship Education:

2- Incubators and Accelerators:

3- Access to Finance:

4- Digital Literacy and Skills Development:

5- Supportive Regulatory Environment:

6- Access to Market:

7- Mentorship and Networking:

8- Government Initiatives:

9- Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs):

10- Promote Innovation and Research:

11- Youth Engagement and Awareness:

12- Continuous Learning and Adaptation:

Harnessing the youth power of Pakistan for economic development in these areas requires a long-term commitment from the government, educational institutions, and the private sector. By investing in education, skills development, and supportive policies, Pakistan can empower its young population to drive economic growth, create jobs, and foster innovation in the digital age.

The author, Nazir Ahmed Shaikh, is a freelance writer, columnist, blogger and motivational speaker. He writes articles on diversified topics. Mr. Shaikh can be contacted at

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